Private limited company registration in Coimbatore
In India, a private limited company is a type of business entity that is governed by the Companies Act, 2013. It is the most common and widely used form of company structure in the country. A private limited company is characterized by its limited liability protection, separate legal entity status, and restrictions on share transferability.
Here are the key features and characteristics of a private limited company in India:
One of the primary benefits of a pvt ltd company with Private limited company registration in Coimbatore is limited liability protection for its shareholders. This means that in the event of financial losses or legal liabilities, the personal assets of the shareholders are generally protected, and their liability is limited to the amount they have invested in the company.
Separate Legal Entity:
In legal terms, a private limited company is distinct from its shareholders. It has its own lawful personality, unmistakable from its proprietors. The company can own assets, enter into contracts, sue or be sued in its own name.
This separation of legal entity ensures that the company’s operations and obligations are separate from those of its shareholders, providing clarity and legal protection.
Shareholders and Share Capital:
There can be as many as 200 shareholders in a private limited company. Individuals or businesses can serve as these shareholders. The company’s share capital is divided into shares, and the ownership of the company is determined by the shareholding of the shareholders.
The shareholders’ rights and obligations are governed by the company’s Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA).
Restrictions on Share Transfer:
Unlike publicly listed companies, the shares of a pvt ltd company with Private limited company registration in Coimbatore are not freely transferable. Share transfers are subject to certain restrictions mentioned in the company’s AOA and the Companies Act, 2013.
Private limited companies often impose pre-emptive rights or restrictions on share transfers to maintain control and protect the interests of the company and its shareholders.
Management and Governance: The management and decision-making of a private limited company are carried out by its board of directors, who are elected or appointed by the shareholders. The directors are responsible for the overall management and administration of the company.
Private limited company by guarantee without share capital
A private limited company by guarantee without share capital is a unique form of business entity that does not have shareholders or share capital. Instead, it is formed with the aim of promoting a particular objective or carrying out a specific purpose.
Concept and Objective:
A pvt ltd company with Private limited company registration in Coimbatore by guarantee without share capital is formed to pursue a specific non-profit objective or purpose. The primary focus is on achieving a particular social, cultural, educational, charitable, or professional goal rather than generating profits for the members. The company’s primary objective should be clearly defined in its Memorandum of Association (MOA).
Instead of share capital, a private limited company by guarantee relies on a guarantee structure. The members of the company provide a guarantee to contribute a specified amount towards the liabilities of the company in the event of its winding up.
The individuals or organizations that subscribe to the MOA and provide the guarantee are known as “members” of the company. Unlike shareholders in a traditional pvt ltd company with Private limited company registration in Coimbatore, the members do not hold shares or have any ownership rights. They are not entitled to dividends or profits but are committed to fulfilling the guarantee obligation.
A private limited company by guarantee without share capital has a governance structure similar to other private limited companies. It is managed by a board of directors elected or appointed by the members. The board is responsible for the overall management, decision-making, and compliance of the company. The company’s governance and management processes are outlined in its Articles of Association (AOA).
Funding and Financing:
Private limited companies with Private limited company registration in Coimbatore by guarantee without share capital typically rely on external funding sources such as donations, grants, sponsorships, or subscriptions. The company can receive funds from individuals, organizations, or the government that share a common interest in the company’s objective. These funds are used to support the company’s operations, projects, or initiatives.
Similar to private limited companies with share capital, a private limited company by guarantee provides limited liability protection to its members. The liability of the members is limited to the amount they guarantee to contribute in the event of the company’s winding up. Personal assets of the members are generally protected, and their liability is restricted to the guaranteed amount.
The process of incorporating a private limited company by guarantee without share capital involves several steps. These include:
- Name Approval:
Choosing a unique and suitable name for the company to have Private limited company registration in Coimbatore and obtain approval from the Registrar of Companies (RoC).
- Memorandum and Articles of Association:
Drafting the MOA and AOA, which define the company’s objectives, governance structure, and operational guidelines.
- Director Identification Number (DIN) and Digital Signature Certificate (DSC):
Obtaining DIN and DSC for the proposed directors of the company to have Private limited company registration in Coimbatore.
- Application for Incorporation:
Filing the necessary incorporation documents, including the MOA, AOA, and other required forms, with the RoC.
- Registration Fee and Certificate of Incorporation:
Paying the prescribed registration fee and, upon successful scrutiny of the documents, receiving the Certificate of Incorporation from the RoC.
Compliance and Regulations:
Once incorporated, a private limited company by guarantee without share capital needs to comply with various legal and regulatory requirements. These include maintaining proper books of accounts, conducting annual general meetings, filing annual returns with the RoC, and adhering to applicable taxation and other statutory obligations.
Dissolution and Winding Up:
If the company with Private limited company registration in Coimbatore decides to dissolve or wind up its operations, the process is similar to that of other private limited companies. The company’s assets, after settling all liabilities, should be transferred to another non-profit entity with similar objectives or donated to charitable causes as per the company’s AOA.
A private limited company by guarantee without share capital is a distinct form of business entity aimed at pursuing non-profit objectives or specific purposes. It operates on a guarantee structure, with members providing a guarantee amount instead of share capital.
It offers limited liability protection to its members and follows a governance structure similar to other private limited companies. Funding is primarily sourced from donations, grants, or subscriptions. The incorporation process for Private limited company registration in Coimbatore and compliance requirements are similar to traditional private limited companies.