How much tax does an OPC pay
November 6, 2023 By SUKANYA Off

How much tax does an OPC pay?

A One Person Company (OPC) is a unique business structure in India that allows a single individual to operate a company, enjoying the benefits of limited liability while being the sole owner and director of the company. When it comes to taxation, OPCs with OPC registration in Chennai are subject to various taxes, including income tax, Goods and Services Tax (GST), and other indirect taxes.

In this blog, we will delve into the taxation aspects of OPCs, explaining how much tax an OPC pays and the various tax obligations they need to fulfill.

Income Tax for OPCs

Income tax is a significant aspect of taxation for OPCs, as it impacts the individual owner’s personal income and the company’s profits. Here’s a detailed breakdown of income tax for OPCs:

Personal Income Tax for the Owner:

The owner of an OPC who has OPC registration in Chennai is required to report the company’s income as their own income for tax purposes. The individual’s personal income tax rate is determined by their total taxable income, including income earned from the OPC. The income slabs and applicable tax rates are subject to change, so it’s essential to refer to the latest tax regulations for accurate information.

In India, personal income tax rates are structured in slabs, and the applicable rates may vary depending on the individual’s age and income level.

Corporate Income Tax:

OPCs are considered corporate entities and are subject to corporate income tax. As per the Indian Income Tax Act, OPCs are liable to pay corporate income tax on their profits. The corporate income tax rate can vary based on the company’s turnover and structure.

For the financial year 2021-2022, the corporate income tax rate for domestic companies with an annual turnover of up to ₹50 crores was 25%. However, for new manufacturing companies incorporated on or after October 1, 2019, the corporate income tax rate was reduced to 15%.

For OPCs with an annual turnover exceeding ₹50 crores, the corporate income tax rate was 30%.

Goods and Services Tax (GST) for OPCs

GST is a value-added tax that is levied on the supply of goods and services in India. OPCs, like other business entities, are required to register for GST if their annual turnover exceeds the prescribed threshold limit.

Once an OPC’s turnover crosses the applicable threshold, it must obtain a GST registration and collect GST from its customers. The GST rates vary depending on the nature of the goods or services provided. GST is classified into multiple tax slabs, including 0%, 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%, with some exceptions.

OPCs with OPC registration in Chennai are required to file regular GST returns, such as GSTR-1 for outward supplies, GSTR-3B for summary returns, and an annual return known as GSTR-9. The frequency of filing and specific requirements may change over time, so it’s essential for OPCs to stay updated with the latest GST regulations.

Other Indirect Taxes for OPCs

Apart from income tax and GST, OPCs may be liable to pay other indirect taxes, depending on the nature of their business activities. Some of the common indirect taxes include:

Customs Duty:

If an OPC is involved in the import or export of goods, it may be subject to customs duties, which are imposed on the importation of goods into India or their export to other countries. The rates and types of customs duties vary based on the nature of the goods and the relevant customs notifications.

Excise Duty:

If an OPC engages in the manufacture of excisable goods, it may be liable to pay excise duty. However, it’s worth noting that the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has subsumed excise duty for most goods, and the scope of excise duty has been significantly reduced.

Service Tax:

While GST has largely replaced the service tax regime, some services may still be subject to service tax or similar levies. OPCs providing specific services should verify whether they have any service tax obligations.

Value-Added Tax (VAT):

VAT was previously applicable to the sale of goods at the state level. However, with the introduction of GST, VAT has been subsumed. OPCs with OPC registration in Chennai should ensure compliance with the GST regime and file the necessary returns as applicable.

The taxation landscape for OPCs can be complex, and it’s crucial to stay informed about the latest changes in tax laws and regulations. Seeking the guidance of a qualified tax professional or consultant is advisable to ensure compliance with all tax obligations and take advantage of potential tax benefits.

Tax Planning for OPCs

Tax planning is essential for OPCs to minimize their tax liabilities legally. Here are some common tax planning strategies that OPCs can consider:

Choosing the Right Business Structure:

Depending on the business’s nature and future expansion plans, it might be beneficial to consider alternative business structures, such as a private limited company or a limited liability partnership (LLP). These structures may offer certain tax advantages based on the company’s specific circumstances.

Optimizing Salary and Dividends:

OPC owners can decide the mix of salary and dividends they receive to optimize their tax liability. While salary is subject to personal income tax, dividends are taxed at a different rate, which may be more favorable.

Claiming Deductions and Exemptions:

OPCs with OPC registration in Chennai should take advantage of deductions and exemptions available under the Income Tax Act to reduce their taxable income. These could include deductions for business expenses, depreciation, and exemptions for income from specific sources.

Regular Compliance:

Timely and accurate compliance with tax filing and payment deadlines is crucial to avoid penalties and interest charges. Maintaining proper accounting records and seeking professional help can ensure smooth tax compliance.

Evaluating GST Structure:

OPCs should assess their GST structure to determine whether they should register under the composition scheme or the regular scheme, depending on their turnover and nature of business.

Consulting Tax Professionals:

Engaging with tax professionals, such as chartered accountants or tax consultants, can be highly beneficial. They can provide guidance on tax planning, compliance, and help navigate the complex tax landscape.


In conclusion, the amount of tax an OPC with OPC registration in Chennai pays is influenced by various factors, including the owner’s personal income, corporate income, and the nature of business activities. OPCs need to navigate income tax, GST, and other indirect taxes, while also adhering to the ever-evolving tax regulations.

Effective tax planning and professional advice are crucial for managing tax liabilities and ensuring compliance with the law. To get the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding taxation for OPCs, it’s advisable to consult with a qualified tax expert or refer to official government sources.

How much tax does an OPC pay?